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Deal on stricter rules for member states’ greenhouse gas emissions

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The European Parliament and Council have agreed on stricter regulation of greenhouse gas emissions in member states including less flexibility and more transparency.
As the UN COP27 climate conference has started in Egypt, Parliament and Council negotiators reached a provisional agreement on November 8 on a revision of the effort sharing regulation (ESR), which sets binding annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions for EU member states and currently regulates roughly 60% of EU emissions.
Negotiators agreed to increase the mandatory GHG reduction 2030-target at EU level from 30% to 40% compared to 2005-levels. For the first time, all EU countries must now reduce GHG emissions with targets ranging between 10-50%. The targets for each member state are based on GDP per capita and cost-effectiveness.
To reach these more ambitious national reduction targets, each member state will have to ensure every year that they do not exceed their annual GHG emission allocation.
In the deal, a balance has been struck between the need for flexibility for EU countries to achieve their targets while ensuring a just and socially fair transition for all, and the need to close loopholes so the EU Climate Law is not undermined.
In order to be able to hold member states more accountable, the Commission will make information public on national actions in an easily accessible form, as requested by Parliament.
After the deal, rapporteur Jessica Polfjärd (EPP, SV) said: "With the deal reached today, we take a major step forward in delivering on the EU's climate objectives. The new rules for national emission cuts ensure that all member states contribute and that existing loopholes are closed. This allows us to go to COP27 with a clear signal that the EU is serious about being the global champion for a competitive and efficient climate agenda."
Parliament and Council will have to formally approve the agreement before the new law can come into force.