A team from Net- Zero-Solution – a division of Channoil Energy – examined the rapid development of advanced feedstock markets covering the current regulatory environment and the impact it is having on advanced feedstock availability.
The team then looked at the matrix of feedstock types that are emerging and examined some of the new arrivals on the scene.
They then reviewed the two key biofuel production technology alternatives – biological and thermochemical – to determine if and how they compete.
Biofuels are not always price competitive against fossil fuels. So, mandates are generally required to drive their uptake.
The US and Europe (EU and the UK) are the furthest ahead in setting requirements for the uptake of biofuels.
The EU under its latest release of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) has attempted to address some of the shortcomings to keep progressing with the decarbonisation agenda.
Key to this has been: • The introduction of the crop cap – a limit on production met by crop-based fuels; • Setting rules for the minimum contribution ...
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