Volume 6, Issue 2
Published: March 5, 2012
When a government mandates an activity, there needs to be some oversight ensuring the mandate is being carried out. In the case of the US biodiesel market, it is the regulatory oversight programme that... [Read more]
As the UK’s leading supplier of petrol and diesel, Greenergy supplies 11.5 billion litres of fuel annually, with a turnover of $17 billion (€12.8 billion). The company sources biodiesel and... [Read more]
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has approved the voluntary use of E15 in all autos and light trucks built since 2001, equalling over 70% of US on-road vehicles. An evaluation of E15’s health... [Read more]
The biggest enlargement of the EU to date took place in 2004 when Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia joined the Union. The majority of... [Read more]
Production and consumption of biofuels in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and some other former Soviet Union countries is growing at a slow pace due to the current lack of government support. Government interest... [Read more]
Different countries set different standards. In the EU, biofuels are covered by the Renewable Energy Directive (RED), which mandates a GHG saving of at least 35%, rising to 50% in 2017 and 60% in fuel... [Read more]
The European Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) requires biofuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 35% compared to fossil fuels, in order to count towards mandatory biofuel market shares or to... [Read more]
The European Union (EU) introduced an ambitious renewable energy policy in 2003 which has been further elaborated since then. The main document of this policy is the Renewable Energy Directive (RED). The... [Read more]
The European Commission (EC) is not popular with US and Chinese airlines at the moment. It has introduced a cap and trade scheme has introduced for planes flying into the EU, meaning airlines using the... [Read more]
Sugars derived from lignocellulosic biomass represent an abundant feedstock resource that does not compete with food and feed supplies. Commercially viable processes for converting lignocellulosic biomass... [Read more]
In the past couple of years, tremendous progress has been made to realise a process for the production of ethanol based on lignocellulose present in agricultural waste streams. However, despite all of... [Read more]
Securing the lowest total cost of producing ethanol requires the plant’s sweet spot to be found and that is not an easy task. The sweet spot is the precise point where process parameters, such as... [Read more]
Switchgrass produces large quantities o fbiomass on marginally productive cropland, requires fewer pesticides and fertilisers than traditional row crops, and provides important ecosystem services. The... [Read more]
Last month, at the annual conference of the US Renewable Fuels Association, Bob Dinneen repeated a claim that has become the de rigeur pronouncement at every gathering of the biofuels industry far and... [Read more]
When it comes to biofuels policy in Europe there are many conflicting views. But most stakeholders are united in their opinions that advanced biofuels are beneficial. So why is there still no deplyoment... [Read more]