Volume 6, Issue 2
Published: March 5, 2012
Levelling the playing field

The European Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) requires biofuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 35% compared to fossil fuels, in order to count towards mandatory biofuel market shares or to be eligible for financial support schemes.

In 2017 this reduction target will rise to 50% for existing and 60% for new installations. Most biofuel production pathways are listed in annex V of the directive yet show a default value that will not meet these targets. In other words, producers will have to prove their biofuel performs better by carrying out their own greenhouse gas calculation. Only producers of ethanol from organic wastes are safe with their specific default value, as well as those of sugarcane ethanol as long as no emissions from land use change occur.

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