Volume 3, Issue 6
Published: July 27, 2009
Your questions answered
QAccording to the Renewable Energy Directive, what are the sustainability criteria for biofuels in the EU? A The sustainability criteria are laid down in Article 17 of Directive 2009/28/EC (published in the Offi cial Journal of the European Union on 5 June 2009 (L 140/16)) and include the environmental and social dimension. Failing to comply with those criteria means the biofuel will neither count towards the target nor will it be eligible for any other governmental support. The environmental criteria consist of the greenhouse gas (GHG) saving requirement, the defi nition of areas where raw materials for biofuels must not be grown and the cross-compliance requirement for EU grown feedstock. Looking at the minimum GHG criteria, biofuels must save 35% (compared to the GHG emission of fossil fuel) in order to count towards the target. This requirement goes up to 50% as of January 2017. Installations that start their production as of 1 January 2017 must save 60% GHG emissions as of 1 January 2018. For production facilities that were in operation on 23 January 2008 a grandfather applies until 1 April 2013.
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